Zambiri zamakampani

Mbiri ya Masks

2020-10-24
China inali dziko loyamba padziko lapansi kugwiritsa ntchito maski.
M'nthawi zakale, pofuna kupewa fumbi ndi mpweya, anthu kubwalo lamilandu adayamba kutseka pakamwa ndi mphuno zawo ndi mipango ya silika.
"Mencius  · From Low" mbiri: "Xi Zi ndi wodetsedwa, ndiye anthu onse amaphimba mphuno zawo ndikudutsa.
Kunali kupanda ukhondo kutseka munthu m'mphuno ndi manja kapena manja, ndipo sizinali zophweka kuchita zinthu zina. Pambuyo pake, anthu ena amagwiritsa ntchito chidutswa cha nsalu za silika kutseka mphuno ndi pakamwa.
M'buku lake lotchedwa The Travels of Marco Polo, Marco Polo adalongosola zomwe adakumana nazo ku China zaka 17.
M'modzi mwa iwo adati, "Mnyumba yachifumu ya Yuan, aliyense amene amapereka chakudya adaphimba pakamwa pake ndi mphuno ndi nsalu za silika kuti mpweya wake usakhudze chakudya chake."
Nsalu ya silika yophimba pakamwa ndi mphuno ndiye chigoba choyambirira.

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la 13, masks adangowonekera m'makhothi aku China.
Pofuna kuti mpweya wawo usapite kukafika kwa mfumu, operekera zakudyawo adagwiritsa ntchito ulusi ndi ulusi wagolide popanga maski

Masks anayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuchipatala kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 19.
Katswiri wazamankhwala waku Germany a Lederch adayamba kulangiza ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo kuti azigwiritsa ntchito maski a gauze popewa matenda a bakiteriya

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za 20th, masks adayamba kukhala chofunikira pamoyo wapagulu.
Pamene chimfine cha ku Spain chidasesa padziko lonse lapansi, ndikupha anthu pafupifupi 50 miliyoni, anthu wamba adapemphedwa kuvala maski kuti adziteteze ku kachilomboka.

Pakatikati ndi kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 2000, masks ankagwiritsidwa ntchito pamlingo waukulu.
Masks atenga gawo lofunikira popewa ndikuletsa kufalikira kwa majeremusi munthawi ya miliri ya fuluwenza m'mbiri.

Mu Marichi 1897, a Medici aku Germany adayambitsa njira yophimba pakamwa ndi mphuno ndi gauze kuti asatengere mabakiteriya.
Pambuyo pake, munthu wina amapanga chovala kumaso chokhala ndi zigawo zisanu ndi chimodzi za gauze, zomwe zimasokedwa kolayo ndikuzigwiritsa ntchito potembenuza kutseka pakamwa ndi mphuno.
Komabe, chigoba chiyenera kugwiridwa nthawi zonse, zomwe ndizovuta kwambiri.
Kenako wina adabwera ndi njira yomangira lamba m'khutu, ndipo idakhala chigoba chomwe anthu amagwiritsa ntchito masiku ano.

Mu 1910, mliriwu utabuka ku Harbin, China, Dr. Wu Liande, yemwe anali wachiwiri kwa wamkulu wa Beiyang Army Medical College, adapanga "Wu mask".

Mu 2003, kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kufalitsa maski kunafika pachimake. Mliri wa SARS udatsala pang'ono kupanga maski kugulitsidwa kwakanthawi. Panali mizere yayitali kutsogolo kwa malo ogulitsa ogulitsa mankhwala ndipo anthu amathamangira kukagula maski.

Mu 2009, patadutsa mliri wa "chimfine cha mbalame" mu 2004, chimfine cha H1N1 chidabweretsa gulu lankhondo lonyenga kumaso kwa atolankhani apadziko lonse lapansi.

Kupezeka kwa lingaliro la ngozi zowononga mpweya za PM2.5 mu 2013 kudapangitsa chidwi cha anthu za kuipitsa mpweya, ndikupangitsa maski ndi zinthu zina zoteteza kutchuka m'masiku ovuta.

Pa February 7, 2020, ogwira ntchito zachipatala opitilira 30 ndi odzipereka ku Disinfection and Supply Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi 'a Jiaotong University adapanga zigoba pogwiritsa ntchito zinthu monga nsalu yopanda nsalu m'mapaketi azachipatala, pepala loyamwa komanso kupopera kwa N95 fyuluta nsalu yazida.